ESC, its important role in the ecological transition of companies
The Social and Economic Committee (SSC) has a major role in the ecological transition of businesses. Environmental problems are not just about the private sphere, quite the contrary. As a result, employees are becoming more alert and concerned about the ecological transition. Employers are forced to meet environmental obligations and must apply them. In addition, ESCs have significant levers to become key players in the ecological transition.
Businesses are therefore at the forefront of the territory’s energy and ecological transition process. Their mode of production is therefore to be reworked in order to move towards a more “green” economy. The aim is to achieve the objectives set by the Climate Act, particularly in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Enterprise, the role of the ESC in decisions
A company’s Social and Economic Committee (SSC) is a representative body for staff. Its mission is to ensure collective representation of employees, particularly in the permanent consideration of their interests in decisions. These decisions can be about the evolution and management of the company, but also about the organisation of working time or the training of employees. The CSE has access to a number of documents in order to be able to consult the financial and economic situation of the company. One example is the management report, which consists of “non-financial” information but also a vigilance plan.
In addition, the CSE has different means of action in the company. Indeed, it can take legal action, especially if it lacks information that the employer does not want to disclose or ask for the conviction for damages and interest and the offence of obstruction. It also has a right to alert on “public health and the environment” as well as an economic right of alert. Indeed, legal constraints since the Covenant Act,companies must integrate the environmental and social impact into the operation of their activities. The ESC may decide to put the ecological transition at the heart of the company’s social policy. For example, it may decide to spend the entire social and cultural activities (CSA) budget to renovate employees’ homes. These actions therefore make it possible to raise employees’ awareness of environmental issues. The key to a good CSE is above all through social dialogue with the company’s employees.
In view of its access to information, the CSE thus has the power to influence the decisions taken by the employer. Nevertheless, environmental information is often drowned out by accounting and financial elements and makes it difficult for the CSE to take action.
Green transition, companies on the front line
In the process of ecological transition,companies are among the major players. Indeed, they contribute to the change in production and the economy, in a more environmentally friendly and sustainable format.
In this dynamic, the Council of Ministers on 10 February held around the Climate Act. Indeed, the “Climate and Resilience” bill was presented, with the primary objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030. It has five main themes: produce and work, shelter, food, travel and consumption. The theme of “produce and work” thus emphasized the necessary acceleration of a more sustainable economy. The aim is to correlate the ecological transition to employment governance. Thus, the ecological transition is now part of the general remit of the ESCs. The environmental consequences of the company’s activities will be systematically taken into account.
Since the beginning of the health crisis, telework has taken an important place in the new daily life of employees. Indeed, more than 41% of the assets were affected by this new way of working. It is therefore observed that telework has a positive impact on the environment. As travel is less frequent, this significantly reduces greenhouse gases, but not only. Telework also promotes a more controlled and local consumption. Telework is thus an ecological act. Nevertheless, there are negative points, particularly in terms of isolation and frequent loss of motivation among employees.
CSE and ecological transition: the unsuspected resources of the management report,Social Liaisons, practical file No.32 of 17 February 2021